• The Guayabera indigenous community: The Guayabera ethnic community is found in the Meta and Guaviare departments in eight settlements along the Guaviare river: Barrancon, La Fuga, Barranco Ceiba, Arawatu lagoon, Barajas lagoon, and Barranco Colorado. They were traditionally settled on the Ariari river, but have for several decades moved to other territories. Their total population is estimated to be 1118 people.

According to the Land Organization Models for the Puerto Concordia and Puerto Rico municipalities, the NNP Sierra de La Macarena houses a settlement of the Guayabero ethnic community at Caño Ceiba and is the only community with ancestral territory in the area. However, this group left the area due to the armed conflict and is currently settled in a property managed by the Puerto Concordia township administration.

The Guayaberos are located in several communities of the Meta and Guaviare departments, thus: Caño La Sal (Puerto Concordia) reservation, the Barrancon reservation downstream of San Jose del Guaviare, the La Fuga reservation, the Barranco Salado reservation on the left bank of the Guaviare river and the Barranco Colorado, Barranco Ceiba and Mocuare reservations (Muriel, 1993.)

Colonizing farmer population: The farmer organizations with greatest influence in the Macarena special management area (SMA) are noteworthy, recognizing still the existence and influence in the territory. Such organizations are:

  • AGROGUEJAR: The farmer association for agroecological culture and fair trade on the Guejar river basin.
  • ACATAMU: The environmentalist farmer association of the Tinigua and Macarena parks, in the Uribe municipality.
  • ASCAL-G: The Losada-Guayabero environmental farmer association.
  • AMCOP: The municipal association of colonizing farmers at El Pato
  • CORPOAMEM: The corporation for the environmental defense and sustainable development at the Macarena SMA.

There are other organizations, such as ASOJUNTAS in each township, ASCATRAGUA, AGROCAFRE, ASPROMACARENA, the Environmental Association of the Curia and Honda streams ACCQH, among others. Many management processes are undertaken with these organizations in the Macarena SMA, which warrant a revision of aspects related with its configuration, mission, vision, structure, and management experience.