Cueva de los Guácharos NNP was the first area in Colombia to be declared a national park in 1960. It belongs to the Cinturón Andino [Andean belt] Biosphere Reserve declared by UNESCO in 1979. The Park gets its name from the guácharo birds which inhabit the dark caves in the day and go out at night looking for food; like bats, they are guided by a system of echolocation.
The Park is physically and functionally linked to Alto Fragua Indi Wasi NNP, Serranía de los Churumbelos NNP, the Regional Natural Park Biological Corridor Guácharos-Puracé and the Municipal Natural Park Andaquí. Through the eastern mountain range it is functionally linked to the Puracé NNP on the west and with the Cordillera de los Picachos NNP on the north. This complex has Andean – Amazon transition ecosystems, great biodiversity and it is great water producer and regulator. It is also home and transitory shelter for a great many migratory birds.
- Please abstain from touching the formations inside the caves, and from writing on the trees or on Park infrastructure since this affects the landscape and the harmony of the site.
- All the necessary equipment for camping including food and cooking utensils must be brought to the area, as the closest place to buy supplies is a five-hour hike away.
- Don’t forget to pack water resistant boots, hat, rain jacket, flashlight, a jacket or sweater and a personal first aid kit.
- Firearms, hunting, fishing and chopping implements are prohibited.
- Making any kind of fire is prohibited.
- Collecting any kind of flora or fauna material is prohibited unless previously authorized for research purposes.
- Making noise or using musical instruments or sound equipment that disturb the environment and the visitors is prohibited.
- Pets and domestic animals, alcohol and any kind of intoxicating beverage, psychotropic substances and glass containers are prohibited in the Park, as well as any kind of spray that damages the ozone layer.