According to the Land Organization Models for the Puerto Concordia and Puerto Rico municipalities, the NNP Sierra de La Macarena houses a settlement of the Guayabero ethnic community at Caño Ceiba and is the only community with ancestral territory in the area. However, this group left the area due to the armed conflict and is currently settled in a property managed by the Puerto Concordia township administration.
The Guayaberos are located in several communities of the Meta and Guaviare departments, thus: Caño La Sal (Puerto Concordia) reservation, the Barrancon reservation downstream of San Jose del Guaviare, the La Fuga reservation, the Barranco Salado reservation on the left bank of the Guaviare river and the Barranco Colorado, Barranco Ceiba and Mocuare reservations (Muriel, 1993.)
Colonizing farmer population: The farmer organizations with greatest influence in the Macarena special management area (SMA) are noteworthy, recognizing still the existence and influence in the territory. Such organizations are:
There are other organizations, such as ASOJUNTAS in each township, ASCATRAGUA, AGROCAFRE, ASPROMACARENA, the Environmental Association of the Curia and Honda streams ACCQH, among others. Many management processes are undertaken with these organizations in the Macarena SMA, which warrant a revision of aspects related with its configuration, mission, vision, structure, and management experience.