The Wayuu indigenous people have occupied the Guajira peninsula during centuries. The most important settlement near the Park is Nazareth or Akuwai, northeast of Mount Guacere. The local Wayuu have a subsistence economy with grazing, artisanal fishing, handcrafts and seasonal agriculture depending on the rainy season. Their cultural obligations, like ritual payments, are an important part of the economic capacity of indigenous castes and families. According to Wayuu cosmovision, the spirit of the wind moves the clouds that fertilize the mountains with rain. This is how they explain the proliferation of forests and water. In their holistic way of thinking, nature is intimately connected to the future of the human race.